–1885 – NC State Law – “Croatans.” The name was shortened to “Cro” by neighboring Whites as a reference to Jim Crow.

–1911 – NC General Assembly – “Indians of Robeson County”

–1913 – NC Legislature – “Cherokee Indians of Robeson County.” The Eastern Band of Cherokee protested this name, and it fell into disuse.

–1930s – The tribe asked the U.S. Congress to be federally designated the Siouan Indians of the Lumber River, specifically Cheraw.

–1953 – NC – “Lumbee” (tribe opts for this name)

—From “Robeson County, NC in Historical & Cultural Context” by Jessica Lambert Ward

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